An architect is a professional who is trained and licensed in the planning and designing of building and also supervises the construction process. An architect usually has to follow the public safety and building codes.
Architects forward their building projects to general contractors who complete the construction process under the guidance of an architect.
When designing, the architect draws and creates in three dimensions. Architects are able to do this because they are trained in structural systems, design, environmental analysis, site analysis, geology, and soils.
Architects draw plans, schematics, diagrams and other drawing skills that represent the building design the architect envisions. These instruments of practice are known as the construction documents and are prepared systematically and organized for other professionals who will take part in building the project.
Since it requires great skill and care to create a structure, architects are usually trained accordingly so that they can bring a design to fruition. Architects can also manage and coordinate construction projects even if they did not design the building they are working on.
An architect can also undertake what is known as forensic architecture where he or she investigates building failure in earthquakes and other emergencies that may destroy a building.
Architects carry out the analysis and forward it to the authorities who have jurisdiction over the areas that have experienced the catastrophe.
The architect is in the center of the entire planning process. He or she acts as the natural link between the clients, engineers, consultants, contractors and the government. It is the responsibility of the architect to get all the necessary building permits and to guide the client through the paper mill.
For a design process to meet the requirements of a client, the architect has to meet with the client and find out what they really want. The architect will then make some proposals which will help the architect create the design concept.